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Creating Capacity for Sustainable Growth

Sustaining the social and economic development of Hong Kong in the years ahead requires the supply of developable land and space, which has been lagging behind in the last decade. We seek to create development capacity, and at the same time, to enhance our environmental capacity for the sustainable growth of Hong Kong

Ballpark Estimates of Long-term Land Requirements

To support population and economic growth and improve liveability, we need more land and space, transport capacity, infrastructure capacity and planning in advance. We also need to minimise the demand for and optimise the use of resources for enhancing our capacity in a sustainable way. Our city is home to many species that are integral to the ecosystem. Championing environmental stewardship and enhancing environmental capacity are critical to sustainable growth

New Strategic Growth Areas (SGA) need to be planned to meet the estimated long-term outstanding land requirement of more than 1,200 ha

Creating Development Capacity

To create development capacity, a multi-pronged, robust and flexible approach through optimising the use of land and identifying new developable land is proposed. Degraded land, land at the fringe of built-up areas that are deserted or have low conservation and public enjoyment value, and sizeable strategic growth areas are to be accorded priority for development.
Considerations for Land Supply in Hong Kong


  • Upzone/rezone suitable sites
  • Increase development intensity taking into account infrastructure capacity and urban design considerations
  • Relocate land inefficient uses to multi-storey buildings
  • Move new development areas forward through comprehensive planning
Comprehensive planning of New Central Harbourfront
Redeveloping the Murray Road Multi-storey Carpark in Central for commercial use


  • Relocate land uses not requiring prime locations to free up land for residential and economic uses
  • Better utilise the land that is not suitable for high-density development, such as restored landfills, to accommodate recreational/community uses
  • Identify natural environments of high environmental and ecological value for conservation and enhancement and release land with low conservation value for other beneficial uses


  • Reclamation in waters with low ecological and environmental impact outside of Victoria Harbour
  • Development of brownfield sites (e.g. open storage yards, recycling yards and industrial workshops) and deserted agricultural land in the rural New Territories that are incompatible with the surrounding areas
Hung Shui Kiu brownfield
The Four Strategic Urban Areas under the Underground Space Development Pilot Study


  • Explore more topside development to optimise use of land
  • Explore more rock cavern and underground space development to release surface areas
  • Explore innovative means of overcoming infrastructural/ technical/ geotechnical constraints

Life-cycle Planning

  • Plan early for the beneficial after-use of quarries, landfill sites or other uses of a "temporary" nature
Lam Tei Quarry

Providing Supporting Transport and Other Infrastructure Capacity

A well balanced land use plan coupled with demand management measures could help optimise transport and infrastructure capacity
Existing, Committed and Proposed Railways and Strategic Highways
Future Outlook of Hung Shui Kiu New Development Area

We Propose

  • Providing supporting transport infrastructure with emphasis on environmentally friendly mass transit
  • Reshaping the travel pattern by designating more employment-related land use in new development areas to bring jobs closer to home
  • Promoting an integrated, smart, green and resilient infrastructure system (e.g. a district cooling system, waste-to-energy conversion and effluent reuse)
Tai Hang Tung Underground Flood Water Storage Tank
Integrated Smart, Green and Resilient Infrastructure System

Creating, Enhancing and Regenerating Environmental Capacity

The natural environment and biodiversity are crucial to our well-being and health. The planning framework for creating development capacity needs to go hand in hand with creating, enhancing and regenerating environmental capacity by integrating conservation and biodiversity considerations into planning and decision making
Promoting Urban Ecology

Biodiversity Enhancement

  • Promoting Urban Ecology
  • Protecting Country Park Enclaves
    (by incorporating into country parks or statutory plans)
Protecting Country Park Enclaves
Maintaining Existing Protection Status of Protected Areas
  • Maintaining Existing Protection Status of Protected Areas (Country Parks, Special Areas, etc.)
  • Revitalising Water Bodies (Sai Kung)
Revitalising Water Bodies (Sai Kung)
Revitalising Farmland (Lai Chi Wo)
  • Revitalising Farmland (Lai Chi Wo)

Environmental Improvement

  • Improving Roadside Environment
Improving Roadside Environment
Revitalising Restored Landfills (Lam Tin)
  • Revitalising Restored Landfills (Lam Tin)
  • Adopting Waste-to-Energy Conversion Approach
    (T-Park in Tuen Mun)
Adopting Waste-to-energy Approach (T. PARK in Tuen Mun)
Reusing Treated Sewage Effluent (Ngong Ping Sewage Treatment Works)
  • Reusing Treated Sewage Effluent (Ngong Ping Sewage Treatment Works)
  • Planning for a Low Carbon City
    (District Cooling System in Kai Tak)
Planning for a Low Carbon City (District Cooling System in Kai Tak)
Urban Living in Balance with Nature (Hung Shui Kiu New Development Area)
  • Urban Living in Balance with Nature
    (Hung Shui Kiu New Development Area)
Conceptual Planning Framework for Environmental Protection and Nature Conservation

A Smart, Green and Resilient City Strategy

The Smart, Green and Resilient (SGR) City Strategy focuses on minimizing demand for use of resources, promoting low-carbon smart economy and living, enhancing city efficiency, promoting business productivity, improving quality of urban living and enhancing climate resilience.
General Smart, Green and Resilient City Framework for the Built Environment

We Propose

  • Applying the SGR city framework in territorial planning and the planning of new development areas/neighbourhoods
  • Establishing an integrated Common Spatial Data infrastructure and ICT platform
Your Engagement
Development Bureau                Planning Department

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Last Revision Date : 01-07-2017
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